The Relevance of having Knowledge of the Different Technology Related Learning Theories

The two main technology related theories are objectivism and constructivism.

  1. Objectivism
    • Also called Directed Instruction.
    • Associated learning theories
      • Bahviourist Theory by B.F. Skinner
      • Robert Gagne’s Theory of Instruction
      • Information-Processing Theory by Atkinson and Shiffrin
      • System Theory and Systematic Instruction Design

  2. Constructivism
    • Also called Inquiry-Based Learning
    • Associated learning theories
      • Social Activism Theory by J. Dewey
      • Scaffolding Theory by L. Vygotsky
      • Child Development Theory by J. Piaget
      • Discovery Learning by J. Bruner
      • Multiple Intelligences by H. Gardener

An extensive knowledge of these learning theories will aid you in selecting the most appropriate strategies for teaching students while properly integrating technology.

Objectivism is appropriate when the skills and content to be learned are clearly defined and concrete. An indication of learning can be gauged through specific behavioural responses from students. Also for students who need individual attention and skills are needed to be acquired as quickly and efficiently as possible.

A constructivist approach is appropriate when concepts are abstract and complex. Hands-on activities are needed to help students apply concepts to real-world situations. Recommended when collaboration is needed and to allow for alternate ways of learning and showing understanding. It can also be applied if adequate time is available for students to be guided to make discoveries on their own.

Can you see these being helpful in your lesson?


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